Posted by: sweeneyblog | November 10, 2012

The Public Locked Out of Jail Site Selection Process

On Wednesday, I was politely kicked out of a Whatcom County Council meeting while they discussed the property they planned to buy for the new jail. Because they were discussing the bargaining process for purchasing a piece of property, they went into executive session and the public was removed.

The County’s View on Public Process

But wait, you say, they already decided on a location? When did that happen? I, too, was surprised that this major decision had flown under the radar, so I started to piece together the series of events that led to the sheriff and county executive selecting a property (and apparently a jail planner) without any public input.

Last year, Whatcom County Executive Pete Kremen, Sheriff Bill Elfo, and the County Council faced pressure from the public over the $150 million dollar price tag and 844 bed size of the jail the sheriff was proposing. Over 300 people showed up at a public meeting to express their outrage over this monstrosity that would require doubling, and then tripling the rate of incarceration in our county to fill it. In response to the public outpouring, the county council formed the Jail Planning Task Force, that contained both big jail proponents (Wendy Jones, Chief Corrections Deputy; Ray Baribeau; Bill Elfo, campaign donor and volunteer;) and members of the “Right Size Jail” coalition (Lisa McShane, Barbara Sternberger).

This task force met for almost a year and compiled a list of recommendations. You can find their meeting minutes and final recommendations here. In April of this year,  they presented their recommendations to the county council. Out of their research and discussion came some key points:

  • They urged the county to hire a jail planner who would reexamine some of the initial flawed assessments that led to the proposed garish 844 bed facility.
  • They recommended a much smaller 500-700 beds for the new jail. “Based on information gathered to date, the JPTF has determined that it is reasonable to estimate that the number of beds required for initial construction should be in the range of 500-700.” This fits more in line with other communities of similar size (see my chart here).
  • As for the location, they recommended the jail be a “reasonable” drive to the courthouse, positioned centrally in the county, and close to I-5.

Throughout this process, Louws pushed for a quick selection of the jail property, but many on the JPTF urged the county to secure a jail planner first. You can read the back and forth here. In the end, it was agreed the county would search for both concurrently.

Elfo’s Former Campaign Committee

About a month after the Jail Planning Task Force shut down, a new group launched called Public Safety Now – Build a Safe Jail. As I outlined in an earlier post, this group was formed almost entirely of Bill Elfo’s former campaign committee and seemed to be funded from the $12,000 leftover in his campaign account. They were able to hire a local videographer to produce some professional videos, put them on YouTube, and design a sleek website.

Just one problem, they completely missed the point of the earlier outrage. The concern wasn’t over any of the “objections” they mention on their website, it was that the proposed facility was too big and too expensive for our community. It was essential to scale it back to something more reasonable before moving ahead. But this Elfo-funded group was unconcerned with such details, and began cranking up the demand for immediate construction of a jail.

In July, Louws put out a public call for property submissions. He received piles and piles of applications from property owners looking to sell their empty lot to the county. Currently, I have a public records request out on the process used to winnow down the sites, but here is a pdf of some of the top contenders. Pay special note to page 6, because that was their final choice.

On Oct 24th this year, a riot broke out in our current jail and the sheriff was quick to capitalize on it. Sending out a press release, which was echoed by the Public Safety Now group, Elfo hit the familar notes of needing a new jail immediately. “A major contributing factor to this incident is the deteriorated and insufficient jail facility.”

At some point during this time, Louws and Elfo reassembled the often-dormant Law and Justice Council for Whatcom County, who then met and decided where they believed the jail should be, and who should be the official jail planner. Since that group’s membership, minutes, and almost all information about them are not available online, I have no idea what process they went through or even who “they” are, much less how they came to these selections. Again, I have submitted a public records request and hope to have that information soon.

On November 7th, Louws and Elfo met with the council to inform them they had selected a planner and a property, and to discuss their bargaining strategy. This is the meeting where I showed up. While there, council member Ken Mann asked if it was necessary to go into executive session. Louws argued it was, since the council was discussing purchase prices. Mann, thankfully, raised the issue of public involvement and asked if the public had been brought into the process. Louws responded that at the county council meeting scheduled for December 4th, Louws would bring forth the list of properties and explain why their choice was the superior one, then get the public (and the council’s) blessing. Former county executive and current council member, Pete Kremen, offered, “You can’t involve people unless you have something for them to consider.” Louws followed with, “Our committee has been meeting and discussing this. If people want to know about it, they can do a public records request and find out.” At that, Mann relented and I was politely escorted out to the hallway.

Future Jail Location?

The next morning, Elfo returned to work at the sheriff’s office and informed all the deputies where the new jail was going to be located (see picture on right). I decided to see what this location looked like, so on my lunch break, Bryna and I drove out there to examine the property ourselves.

I’m not a professional assessor, but here are my impressions. It is relatively accessible from I-5. Google Maps informs me it is a fourteen minute drive from the county courthouse. It is nestled between a junkyard and a slaughterhouse (see pictures below) so no worries of nearby hospitals or schools. Finally, the ground itself seems pretty level and ready to be developed. In short, not a bad choice from my unprofessional view.

As you approach from the south side

However, the issue isn’t really whether or not this is a good location for the jail. It is that Elfo and Louws have picked out a location and selected a jail planner without any significant input from the public. That is the same sort of bull-headed thinking that got us into this mess in the first place. Who is this mysterious jail planner? Do they recognize that jail populations were trending down each year, even before we legalized marijuana a couple days ago? Will this property be used to build a giant, sprawling 844 bed facility or a more modest 600 bed facility? These are essential questions that need answering and so far the public has been locked out of the process.

Nearby Scrapyard

It seems Elfo and Louws have already made up their minds about what they want and now are just looking for us, the public, to sign off on their decisions. That is not involving the public, and I hope both of them will take a step back and reassess how they can bring more citizens to the table for this process.

I will update this story as I get access to more public records and, of course, after the Dec. 4th meeting. 



  1. Good piece of hard work, Riley. I hope your community pays attention to it.

  2. Very informative, Riley, thanks.

  3. Is there any indication that Elfo’s getting some sort of incentive to build a giant-ass jail from the private sector?

    • Not that I aware of other than a brand-new central office for the Sheriff department.

  4. We legalized marijuana. Who the hell are we going to fill this jail up with now, drunk drivers and political dissidents?

  5. Kudos for an excellent article. The public has the power to stop the bulldozer called Elfo dead in his tracks. Once a referendum is filed the project is stopped for at least 120 days. If approximately 12,000 valid signatures are gather on petitions the property acquisition will appear on the November 2013 ballot.

    • Excellent work, Riley. Now, after the purchase, the next step will be to lease it to a leader in the prison-industrial complex from whose ranks the knowledgeable planner will come. Then, that new partner will build the jail and the county will pay them based on maximum occupancy of an oversized facility.

      The referendum will not work because part of the plan for maximum occupancy is to house misdemeanants from other states. Thus, Judge Snyder will, after the lawsuit filed by the County, invalidate the referendum as a clear violation of the interstate commerce cause of the Constitution.

      Homeland Security will also use the space to house dissidents who will be detained indefinitely without trial.

      This plan has been well thought out and there is no way to derail it. I cannot reveal my sources even under FOIA. Suffice it to say, all of this is necessary for the full implementation of Agenda 21.

  6. If you wanna know what your public servants are doing, just file a FOI request and maybe we’ll tell you. Uh huh.
    There’s problem Number One with hiring a business executive to pretend public office.
    But I wouldn’t worry too much about the parcel since nearly anything can be built there and it’s sometimes good to grab a site even ahead of an actual plan.
    Five hundred prisoners or eight hundred prisoners is all the same when your business is incarceration and any smaller facility than an average Gulag means you’ll have plenty of room left over for moats and alligators and attack dog kennels.
    What we have here is a failure to communicate but since Elfo has the bars and the guns and the concrete on his side, better to stay respectfully quiet while Authority has its way with your checkbook.

  7. Nice bit of research, Riley. Well-written and engaging. Glad you’re on the case.

  8. […] patriot Doug Starcher (who, I remind you, is awesome), drove out to the junkyard near the new jail site and noticed that the prospective site apparently contains some wetlands. Why is this important? […]

  9. […] that are usually endorsed by the Democrats”. Is that better? Okay, we have Pete Kremen, Ken Mann and Carl Weimer. Of these three, Ken Mann and Carl Weimer are up for reelection. Last time, Ken […]

  10. […] in the course of doing a follow-up piece on the proposed jail (see my original article here), I filed a public records request for emails sent to or from the sheriff and county executive […]

  11. […] at 7 p.m. this Tuesday. Bill Elfo and Jack Louws will be introducing their chosen jail property, (documented here) and their chosen jail planner, and giving the public and the council a chance to comment. I plan […]

  12. […] Tuesday last week, I spoke before the County Council about the need for a jail that is the Right Size for our community. I shared with the council some comparisons to other counties (you can find the […]

  13. […] legalization of marijuana, do we really need a giant 700 bed jail the Sheriff is proposing or a more reasonable 500 bed jail? “Like most things, you are going to meet some place in the middle. I just want to make sure […]

  14. […] for perhaps the largest public works project in a decade. You would think after four years of secretive meetings, missing minutes and inflated proposals that the Sheriff might welcome some outside perspective. […]

  15. […] involvement continues to be a challenge. There still needs to be a public hearing on the draft environmental impact statement and we will […]

  16. […] on the County Council, Ken Mann has been a tireless advocate for a right-sized jail. At every turn, he has pushed for more transparency and controlling costs on our new jail. This alone should justify his reelection, but his series of […]

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